Conflict and Resolution
Non-Fiction Text Structures
Text Structure OR Organizational Patterns of Non-fiction
*Text Structures are the way non-fiction texts (articles, passages, paragraphs, sentences) are “built.”
Compare and Contrast
This text structure is built with similarities and differences of two or more topics.
Signal Words: similar, different, but , alike, conversely, instead, however, on the other hand, although
Problem and Solution
This text structure is built with a main problem and solutions to that problem. Most of the time, these problems are solved by people.
Signal Words: problem, solution, resolve, resolution, conflict question, answer
This text structure is “built” with facts, specific details, and examples about one topic.
Characteristics, facts, To illustrate…, For example…, Such as…
Cause and Effect
This text structure is “built” with reasons for why an event occurs.
So, because, since, If… then…, therefore, This led to, As a result, Reason why, effect of , consequently
This text structure is “built” with events, or steps, in order. There can also be things like specific dates, times, or times of the day.
Signal Words: first, second, third, finally, before, next, then, now, soon, specific dates (June, July, 2nd , 3rd, 2018), specific times (7:00am)
Fact and Opinion
A fact is something that can be proven true or false. It is a fact if you can research or observe it.
An opinion is something that you think, feel, or believe. An opinion cannot be proven true or false.
Signal Words for Fact:
Signal Words for Opinion:
· Better, best, worst
· Any adjective
Cause and Effect Signal Words
Cause is why something happened.
Effect is what happened.
Cause & Effect
• If . . . Then . . .
• This led to
• Reason why
• As a result
• May be due to
• Effect of
• For this reason
Suggested Study Activities
- Write words 5x each
- Say the word, spell the word
- Poem using words of the same pattern
- Pattern sort (vowels and consonants)
- Sound sort (ex. short vs long vowels)
Red Group: Spelling Tests typically on Friday
Blue Group: Spelling Tests typically on Thursday
Green Group: Spelling Tests typically on Friday